Seoul's Three-Peaks Mountains Brotherhood Peak "Comfortable-Prosperity Temple",
which contains a unique and important modern San-shin Shrine.
From left to right: a large Gwanse-eum-bosal statue, the Main Hall, the unusually large and prominent
San-shin-gak [Mountain-spirit Shrine], and the unique octagonal Deok-seong-gak.   Constructed
after the Korean War on an old Joseon-Dynasty temple-site (used for shamanic San-shin worship for
centuries before that), Wangryeong-sa is reached by a dirt road, 20 minutes up from the trailhead
next to the entrance of Kookmin University, near the eastern end of the Bugak Tunnel.
      The unique and remarkable San-shin painting of Wangryeong-sa
...that depicts 9 different male Mountain-spirits, each with his own (realistic-looking) tiger.  They display the full
variety of traditional headgear. One holds both a sprig of
bullocho (mushroom of immortality) and a Buddhist
yeomju (prayer-beads), one has only the bullocho.  One (in the Daoist cloud-cap) holds both a master's staff
and a white-crane-feather-fan, while two hold only a staff and three (including the larger central San-shin) hold
only a fan.  Two
dongja boys are shown near the top (left of center), one (with flying-scarf) offering three
peaches-of-immortality and the other holding a colorful canopy over the central San-shin (a motif indicating
royalty or Buddha-status).  A third
dongja boy is preparing Green Tea for everyone at center-bottom.

I would initially assume that this excellent icon was intended to depict the "
Seonjong Gusan" [Nine Mountains
of the
Seon (Meditational, J: Zen, Ch: Ch'an) Buddhist Sect], referring to the homes of the headquarters-temples of
the original nine
Seon sects established in Korea in the 9th century CE -- and also reflecting an ancient
concept in Korea and China of nine sacred peaks that protect and nourish the Kingdom.  Other shrines and
paintings of the
Gu-san are exceedingly rare in this nation, but a few do exist.  I do note that this identification
does not explain why one San-shin (and his tiger) are central and larger...  (see further discussion below)
detail of the attendant-boy making tea for everyone at bottom-center.
    The unique and fascinating San-shin shrine interior at Wangryeong-sa
...which enshrines one large statue of San-shin wearing a cloud-cap and holding a crooked staff.  Next to him is a
royally-dressed young woman with her hands clasped within sleeves, seated on a throne-chair -- she represents
his "Wife", the equal and complementary femine spirit of Korean mountains
(for a full discussion of the theories and
depictions of San-shin gender, see pages 37-40 of my book).   
Two large wooden tigers are in front of them.  

Behind the main San-shin is a natural outcropping of granite rock that forms a natural canopy over him -- this
entire wooden shrine-building, and the attached Main Hall, was built over it.  A wooden canopy-front has been
built over its top, to enhance it.  On the rock (seen to the statue's right) is carved the four Chinese characters
San-wang-dae-shin" [Mountain King (is a) Great Spirit], Korea's primary chanted-prayer to the San-shin.  This
rock was probably the original shamanic San-shin shrine on this site, that the Buddhist temple was built around.

In front of it all is a full offering-altar, with white electric candles lit for the monthly subscribers to this shrine.
However, Wangryeong-sa's Abbot Ja-in Seunim explained in April 2006 that he regards both this Shrine
and its accompanying painting (which were here when he arrived) as
not depicting the Seonjong
, but rather that the larger central figure is the "leader" of all national San-shin, representing them
all collectively, and also National Founding-King Dan-gun (who became a San-shin upon retirement from
his semi-divine throne).  The other eight statues in the cabinets represent the "Paldo-Sanshin"
[Mountain-spirits of Korea's traditional Eight Provinces].  This is certainly a reasonable and meaningful
theory, although the labels previously on them do not correspond to any one-per-province scheme --
three of the eight listed above are in Gangwon Province alone....  
The view of northeastern Seoul from Wangryeong-sa
the excellent signboard and decorative
paintings on the front of the San-shin shrine
There is no other San-shin shrine in Korea quite like this one...
Samgak-san Hyeongje-bong
This shrines also features eight identical (although painted in different colors) statues of San-shin wearing cloud-caps
and not holding anything, sitting on tigers with one praying
dongja-boy each -- each in an individual glass cabinet
(three on the left and five on the right).  Until late 1995 each of these had a little sign in front of it with the name of a
very famous holy Korean Mountain --
not the Seonjong Gusan, but simply some of the most sacred.  The list was
Baekdu-san, Myohyang-san, Geumgang-san, Odae-san, Taebaek-san, Gyeryong-san, Jiri-san and Halla-san
(see this
page).   These signs were removed when the shrine was refurbished in late 2005.  There was no label on the central
figure and his wife, who I assumed represents the local host-mountain Samgak-san.