|The Top 108 Buddhist Temples of Korea
|These are the 108 most important Buddhist monasteries of all Korea (including the northern
territories now controlled by the DPRK), as judged by holy number in Buddhism; the number of
Compassion Vows and Korean Buddhists often perform 108 prostrations as a devotional &
meditative practice) wenty-one Buddhist monasteries of the Republic of Korea I have judged to be
the most-worth-visiting, also among the largest and most religiously-important in the entire nation.
Criteria used include contemporary size, long history of importance within the religion, national
reputation, and architectural and cultural treasures -- the final judgment based on my own two
decades of visiting them. 21 might seem like a strange odd number, but that's how the list came
out -- to list only the top 10 would leave out some very important temples, and to make it 30
would include some that really don't rank in the same category as these 20, deficient in one or
more of the criteria. The "Gu-san" or "Nine Holy Mountans" is a common concept in Korea, and
so perhaps 21 is appropriate, as 19 from the dominant Jogye Order (70+% of Korean Buddhism)
and one each from the two next-largest orders, Taego and Cheontae.
These 21 temples include 13 from eastern side of the peninsula (east or north of the Baekdu-
daegan Mountain Range) and eight from the western side. 9 of them are located on mountains
that are part of the Baekdu-daegan mainline, and the others are on Jeongmaek branches.
These monasteries are all among the top-50-or-so most interesting places to visit and most
popular pilgrimage-destinations in contemporary South Korea. Most of them have many
hermitages on the slopes above them, after all together serve the practices of hundreds of
monks. They all contain many profound religious-cultural treasures on their grounds and in their
shrines or museums. They are listed here North-to-South, not any order of relative importance;
and they are named by the mountain that hosts them, in the traditional style. It is equally true that
"such a great temple was established and maintained for so long at that mountain because the
mountain is so holy" and that "the presence of such a great temple increases the reputation for
sacredness of the mountain that hosts it". Click on the name to see my photos of and
commentary on that temple, its host mountain and its San-shin shrines.
* = 4 of these great temples were nominated by Korea to be placed on the
UNESCO World Heritage List in 2012, along with 3 others -- see this page.