Juwang-san or "the Mountains of the King of Ju" is a National Park in North Gyeongsang
Province, located between Andong City and the East Coast. It is a key section of the
Taebaek-sanmaek [Grand White Mountain Range] as it runs south of Taebaek-san down to
Gyeongju. It is famous for its astoundingly beautiful scenery, and sacred because of the
legend of the Chinese rebel "King of Ju" and his daughter who hid and died here. These
mountains contain a dozen interesting temples, half-a-dozen great waterfalls and more
steep pine-decorated granite cliffs than a rock climber could dream of...
Temples and other Features of Juwang-san:
Juwang-gul Cave with Juwang-am Hermitage
Dalgi Yaksu and Waterfall
Juwangsan is the mountain composed of valleys with curious stones. Juwangsan National park is relatively low and
small but it creates a beautiful landscape. Having lots of legends, scenic figures and curious rocks, it attracts many
visitors every year. It is called Sogeumgang, the most beautiful place in Gyeongsangbuk-do area, and one of the three
great mountains in Korea, having many fantastic rocky cliffs and gorgious valleys.
The mountain was designated as the 12th National Park on March 30, 1976 in Korea, neighboring Choengsong-gun
and Yeongdeok-gun in Gyeongsangbuk-do and covering 107.425km2 of the area. Centering around Juwangsan,
Taehaeng-san(933m), Daedunsan(905m), Myeong-dongjae(875m), and Wanggeoam (907m) are spreading like a
When people think Juwangsan Naitonal Park, they make a mistake to think about only Juwangsan but Juwangsan only
covers less than a tenth of entire district. Juwangsan leads to Taehaengsan, Daedunsan, Daegwallyeong,
Useoll-yeong, and Mujangsan in the north, and it is only a peak situated in big ridges.
However, Juwangsan is still beautiful and there are Gamebong, Wanggeoam and Geumeungwangi which are around
800m high peaks near Juwangsan shaped like a horse hoof creating magnificent atmosphere.
Juwangsan originally called as Seokbyeongsan, Daedunsan, Jubangsan and there are interesting stories respectively.
It was called 'Seokbyeongsan' because of lots of rocky cliffs; Daedunsan for people escaped from war and hid here,
Jubangsan for Kim Juwon, the offspring of King Seondeok of Silla stayed in the mountain. And King Ju of China (Dang
Dynasty) hid in this mountain when pursued by revolutionaries.
Giam (the rock of falg), the representative clear water of Juwangsan, there is a legend that when King Ju had a severe
battle with Silla, he made these curious rocks to look like stacks of grain. The most distinguished fact about the curious
rock is its smoothness compared to the other rocks found typically in Korea. It is about components that consist of the
rock. Giam made of lava flow down from a volcano and became hard.
Like Giam, most of the cliffs in Juwangsan were made by volcanic activity. It is different from rocks found in Jeju Island
which have lots of holes in them. Holes are made when lava erupted to the sky, falling down to the earth with air. But
rocks in Juwangsan had no air in them because they were hardened very fast without having holes. And the rocks were
vulnerable to erosion, creating a vertical cliff, stairs topography, and waterfalls.
The volcanic activity was supposed to happen about 70 million years ago when dinosaurs lived on the Korean
Peninsula in the Cretaceous period, the Mesozoic Age. Juwangsan was made around this time together with
Naeyeonsan near the mountain, and Bohyeonsan in Yeongcheon, Unmunsan in Cheongdo, Geoje in Namhae, Goheung
peninsula, Wando(Island), and Jindo(Island).
Juwangsan is also famous for its legend. Juwang(King) hid in this mountain when pursued by revolutionaries. Dang
Dynasty asked Silla to kill Juwang, Silla sent General Ma with five brothers. When King Ju had a severe battle with Silla,
he made curious rocks that looked like stacks of grain and pretended that he had many soldiers. With this legend,
Mujanggul(Cave) where King Ju of China hid weapons, Jahaseong(Jubang-sanseong fortress wall), that were built by
his soldiers from the mouth of Juwangsan to Nahanbong to protect himself from Silla, and Yeonhwagul where a
daughter of Juwang entered Nirvana, also Juwanggul is known for the cave where Juwang died while he washed
himself with water of a cave. The blood Juwang shed became a kind of azalea flower, Sudalrae, and they are in full
blossom from the late of spring to beginning of summer. The flower is much more reddish than azalea and has black
spots in it. It is considered as the proud scene of Juwangsan and there is 'Juwangsan Sudalrae festival' every May.
There is another legend saying Kim Juwon of Silla Dynasty lived in Juwang. At the end of Silla Dynasty, Kim Juwon was
recommended as the next king following King Seondeok, but Kim Gyeongsin revolted and became king. Kim Juwon
couldn't be a king and hide himself in 'Seokbyeongsan'. There still remain several tiles that prove his residence, Gungji.
Juwangsan National Park has many beautiful spots to visit such as Haksodae, where blue and red cranes lived,
Geupsudae, Giam where Juwang and General Ma had big fight, Mangwoldae where sons and daughters of Juwnag
looked at the moonrise, Gamebong where visitors can see far away in the East sea, Juwanggul where King Ju died,
and numerous waterfalls and springs attract visitors.
For the main cultural heritage, there is Bogwangjeon in Daejeonsa(Temple) built during the year 12th of King Munmu of
Silla Dynasty (672)