|Gyeongju Nam-san NW Corner
Na-jeong Well and
Great Historic Sites of Shilla Kingdom
|Sangseon-am the Upper Immortal Hermitage
Sambul-sa the Oldest-Triad Temple
Bori-sa Buddha Statue
Gyeongju Nam-san Page
Sacred Mountains of Gyeongju Index-Page
San-shin Site Contents Page
|The O-neung 오릉 [Five Tombs], claimed to be the original and oldest royal tombs of the Shilla Kingdom
These are, supposedly, the final resting places of the first few monarchs of Shilla, who launched its
history over two millenniums ago. The royal personages allegedly to be buried here include: King Bak
Hyeokgeose, progenitor of Korea's "Park" clans and founder of Shilla by uniting the six tribal clans,
and his wife, Queen Aryeong; the 2nd monarch, King Namhae; the 3rd monarch, King Yuri; and the
5th monarch, King Pasa. To the east of these royal tombs lies Sungdeok-jeon Shrine, which holds
the ancestral tablet of King Bak Hyeokgeose. Behind the shrine is the Aryeong-jeong Well, said to
be the birthplace of Queen Aryeong. This area is also famous for viewing autumn leaves in October.
In reality Shilla probably became an organized tribal-federation proto-state "Jinhan" in the Gyeongju area
in the 4th Century, and a "kingdom" with all of North Gyeongsang Province as its territory in the early
6th Century; these tombs were built *much* later by Confucian officials to honor the mythical "founders".
|Aryeong-jeong Well next to the Oreung Tombs; the Sungdeok-jeon Shrine, which holds
the ancestral tablet of Founding King Park Hyeokgeose, is seen over the wall behind-left.