Branches of the Baekdu-daegan
The "Baekdu-daegan" branches off into over a dozen
major earth-energy-lines that follow Korea's lesser
mountain-ranges, and many minor ones.  There are
various different theories that can be found on exactly
how many branches and exactly which peaks they run
through, but there is agreement on all the main points.
Through extensive study, I have determined 14 main
branches, as listed on this page.

Most of Korea's highest peaks and roughly half of
its most-sacred mountains are found along the
Baekdu-
daegan
, and these branches include most of the rest of
the others.  All of Korea's major rivers begin on or near
the main line, and then flow between the branches --
most of the branches are named after their relation to
those rivers (
buk or nam, meaning north or south of).

I have tried to indicate the relative sacred and/or secular
importance of these various mountains by relative
font-sizes 16~24
(this does not apply to the "bypassed" peaks).
the Major Branches of the 백두대간 are:
6 Branches that begin in North Korea:

1. Jangbaek-jeonggan Range begins at Seolleong-
bong Peak of Godu-san, heading northeast through:
Mantap-san           2206m
Gwaesang-bong   2136m
Gwisang-bong      2333m
Tugu-bong             2335m
Gwonmo-san         2541m
Dojeong-san         2201m
Jayu-san                1669m
Songjin-san           1164m
ending at "Seosura" north of Najin City
Note: this branch has the different designation-title -jeong-gan
(instead of -jeongmaek) because it does not channel a major river
from the Baekdu-daegan entirely inside of Korea down to the ocean,
as all the others do;  it is the southern range guiding the Duman-
gang [Tumen River] which originates at Baekdu-san and forms the
northeastern border of Korea with China (and Russia for 10 miles).


2a. Cheongcheon-jeongmaek Range begins
at Madae-san, heading west through:
Dongbaek-san     2096m
Sobaek-san          2184m
to
Ung-eosu-san a.k.a. Nakrim-san 2014m,
where it splits into two branches:


2b.  Cheongbuk-jeongmaek Range branches
off heading west through:
Daeam-san                1566m
Dongrim-san              1165m
Manpung-deok-san   1159m
Birae-bong                 1470m
Cheonma-san            1169m
Hwa-am-san                 620m
ending south of Shineuiju City
Note: this branch 2a and 2b not only channels the Cheongcheon-
gang River from its north, but it also, along with the first section of
the Baekdu-daegan itself, is the southern range guiding the Amnok-
gang [Yalu River] which originates at Baekdu-san and forms the
north-central and northwestern border of Korea with China.


3.  Cheongnam-jeongmaek Range branches off
from Ungeosu / Nakrim-san heading SW through:
Obong-san                               1500m?
Myohyang-san Biro-bong  1909m
Myohyang-san  Oseon-bong         ?m
Myohyang-san  Beobwang-bong  ?m
Yongmun-san                           1180m
Gangryong-san                          446m
Mandeok-san                             243m
Gwangdong-san                        396m
ending at Gwangryeong-jin north of Nampo City
Note:  the Daedong River runs just south of this branch.
8 Branches that begin in South Korea
Part II:

9a. Hannam-geumbuk-jeongmaek Range begins at
Sogni-san's Munjang-dae Peak, heading NW through:
Sogni-san Gwaneum-bong          985m
Sogni-san Myo-bong                    874m
Geumdan-san                                767m
Shinseong-bong                            630m
Mideung-san                                  558m
Guksa-bong                                   588m
Seondu-san                                    527m
Seondo-san                                    547m
Joigu-san                                        657m
Bohyeon-san / Buyong-san           644m
Deokseong-san                             520m
Chilhyeon-san                                 516m
Chiljang-san                                    492m

9b.  Hannam-jeongmaek Range begins at
Chilhyeon-san and then heads northwest through:
30 km various hills of Yongin County
Kwanggyo-san       582m
Gyeyang-san          395m
Gahyeon-san          215m
Tae-san                   135m
Munsu-san              376m  (south of the mouth of the Han River)
Goryeo-san       436m  (northern Ganghwa Island)
Hyeolgu-san      466m  (central Ganghwa Island)
Toimo-san               339m  (central Ganghwa Island)
Jingang-san            443m  (central Ganghwa Island)
Jeongjuk-san          200m   (southern Ganghwa Island)
Mani-san           469m   (southern Ganghwa Island)
ending at Sang-bong 255m, by the Yellow Sea


10.  Geumbuk-jeongmaek Range begins at
Chilhyeon-san and then heads southwest through:
Deokseong-san         521m
Seo-un-san                 574m
(nameless)                  459m
(nameless)                  524m
Seonggeo-san           579m
Taejo-san                    422m
Gyeongeom-san        321m
Goryeo-san                 307m
Biryong-san                 248m
Guksa-bong                403m      (turns NW)
Bongsu-san                364m
Gwangdeok-san        646m
Bongsu-san                535m
Cheonbang-san         479m
Myeong-u-san            368m
Janghak-san              381m
Bae-ani-san               186m       (turns south)
Baekwol-san              418m
Beob-san                   459m
Munbak-san               338m
Cheonma-bong          422m
(Chilgap-san 561m is bypassed)
Baekwol-san              560m       (turns north)
(Seongtae-san 624, Munbong-san 633, Seongju-san
677 and Jogong-san 402 are bypassed)
Oseo-san                                 791m
Acha-san                                             424m
Nameless hills 14km in Hongseong-gun  100~180m
Ilwol-san                                               394m
Hongdong-san                                    310m
Deoksung-san Sudeok-bong    495m   a.k.a. Sudeok-san
Deoksung-san Wonhyo-bong            480m
Deoksung-san Gaya-bong        678m   (turns west)
Deoksung-san Seokmun-bong           653m
Deoksung-san Ilrak-bong                    521m
Deoksung-san Nameless     271m & 183m
(13 km through southern Seosan City)
Jeonggeum-san                                   203m
Pyeongpung-san                                  176m
Geumgang-san                                     316m
Ending at Palbong-san  362m   (near the Yellow Sea Coast)
(note: much of this is the lower part of what more conventional
geography of Korea calls the Charyeong Range)
11.  Yeongdong-jeongmaek Range begins at
Daedeok-san and heads south then NE through:
(long ridge going south)
Hoindaemi-san                   1018m
Sudo-san                             1316m
Danji-bong                           1327m
Jakil-gok-bong                    1258m
Duri-bong                            1133m
Gaya-san                    1430m
Hyeongje-bong                   1022m
Dokyong-san                         956m
Yeomsok-san                        970m
Dodang-san                          597m
Baekma-san                         716m
Yeongam-san                       782m
ending at
Geumo-san     977m  (by the Nakdong River)
(although it could be thought to jump over the river,
running through Supdaemi-san       519m
Yuhak-san                                          839m
Ogae-san                                           467m
Ga-san                                               902m
Pagye-bong                                      991m
ending at the highly-sacred
Palgong-san  1192m)



12a.  Geumnam-honam-jeongmaek Range begins
at Yeongchwi-san and then heads northwest to:
Jangan-san           1237m
Bonghwa-san          786m
Seongsu-san         1059m
Ma-i-san             618m

12b.  Geumnam-jeongmaek Range splits off
from Ma-i-san and heads north through:

Bugwi-san                    806m
Unjang-san                 1126m
Wangsa-bong              718m
Seonnyeo-bong           666m
Cheondeung-san         707m
Daedun-san           878m
Wolseong-bong           650m
Barang-san                  555m
Gitdae-bong                393m
Hambak-bong             404m
Gaetae-san                  360m       (a.k.a. Cheonho-bong)
Guksa-bong                 437m
Hyangjeok-san            574m
Gyeryong-san    878m      (turns west)
across 30 km of hills & ridges
to finish at Buyeo Town's Nakhwa-am


13.  Honam-jeongmaek Range splits off from
Ma-i-san and then loops down all thru
South Jeolla Province, passing through:
Naedong-san                                     887m
Eungbong-san                                    609m
Woltong-san                                       604m
Hoimu-san                                          830m
Gitdae-bong                                       644m
Naejang-san Janggun-bong (E)       606m
Naejang-san Janggun-bong (W)      763m
Naejang-san Yeonja-bong                 673m
Naejang-san Shinseon-bong   763m
Naejang-san Sangwang-bong          741m
Naejang-san Baekam-bong              741m
(note: this part so far is the mid-section of what more
conventional geography of Korea calls the Noryeong Range)
Daegak-san                                        528m
Janggun-bong                                     558m
Bulda-san                                            685m
Mudeung-san                               1187m
Yongdu-san                                         514m
Jonjae-san                                          704m
Jogye-san                                        884m
Bongdu-san                                        753m
Wolchul-bong                                     768m
Dosol-bong                                      1123m
finishing at
Baekun-san              1218m    (south of Jiri-san)



14.  Naknam-jeongmaek Range begins at Jiri-san
Yeongshin-bong (1652m) and heads south
then east through:
Samshin-bong                 1284m
(a sub-branch continues south thru Shiru-bong
1100m, Hyeongje-bong 1115m, Shinseon-bong
600m and Mae-bong 865m to Baekun-san 1218m)
Ju-san                                         831m
Hoindam-san                             645m
Sarim-san                                  574m
Ok-san                                        614m
Imyeong-san                              570m
Shilbong-san                             185m
Museon-san                               278m
Bongdae-san                             409m
Yeonhwa-san                   528m      (turns northeast)
Gitdae-bong                              521m
Yeohwang-san                          744m        (turns east)
Seobuk-san                               739m
Gwangryeo-san                         720m
Muhak-san                                 761m
Cheonju-san                              640m
Guryong-san                              432m
Jeongbyeong-san                     567m
Eungbong-san                           283m
Mureung-san                              312m
Mujeok-san                                700m
Seokryong-san                          493m
Shineo-san                       630m   (aka "Bunseom-san"?)
ending at  Dongshineo-san     476m
(right across the end of the Nakdong River from
the very sacred
Geumjong-san of Busan City)
8 Branches that begin in South Korea
Part I:

7.  Han-gang Gi-maek Range begins at Odae-san
Duro-bong, heading south-then-west through:

Odae-san Sangwang-bong   1491m   
(Buk-dae)
Odae-san Biro-bong              1563m   (Jung-dae)
(Odae-san Sodae-bong 1421m is bypassed)
Odae-san Horyeong-bong     1560m   (Seo-dae)
Gyebang-san                         1577m
(So-gyebang-san 1490m is bypassed)
Hoiryeong-bong                              1331m
Heungjeong-san                              1277m
Cheongryang-bong                       ~1200m
Baekjeok-san                                  1141m
Taegi-san  Samgye-bong              1259m
(here, the Baekdeok-Jimaek branches south to Saja-san 1180m,
Baekdeok-san 1350m and beyond;  and the Yeongwol-Jimaek
branches south to Chiak-san 1288m, Baekun-san 1086m,
Gamak-bong 886m, ending at Taehwa-san 1027m)

Bongbok-san                             1031m
Unmu-san                                    980m
Suri-bong                                    960m
Daehak-san                                876m
Deokgu-san                                656m
Eunggok-san                              603m
Mandae-san                               679m
O-eum-san                                 930m
Geummul-san                            774m
Shiru-bong                                 502m
Galgi-san                                   685m
Do-il-bong                                 864m
Yongmun-san                 1157m
Yumyeong-san                          861m
Soguni-san                               798m
Cheonggye-san                       656m
Nojeok-bong                            231m  
Finishes at North Han River, at confluence with South Han)

(
note:  this is the upper part of what more conventional
geography of Korea calls the Charyeong Range.  It is called
a Jimaek instead of Jeongmaek because it only divides the
North and South Branches of the Han River, and it doesn't
reach the coast.)
Primary SOURCES for these listings:

1.  Shiljeon Baekdudaegan Jongju Sanhaeng, a
book by Bang Sang-hoon, published by Choson-
ilbo-sa (the Seoul newspaper company) in 1997

2.
Daehan-minguk 2005 Map of the Korean
Peninsula, published by Jungang Atlas, Seoul

3.
Doro-jido Choishinpan Jido-daesajeon, a book
of 1:100,000 maps of South Korea, 2005 edition
by Seongji Munhwasa Publishers, Seoul.

4.
Yeongjin 5-man Jido, a book of 1:50,000 maps
of South Korea, 2006 edition by Yeongjin
Munhwasa Publishers, Seoul.

These sources each contain differing information, and
contradict each other in various ways, including the
names, heights and exact locations of some peaks.  I
have done my best to combine and reconcile those
differences, to make it make sense, in many hours of
focused consideration of multiple sources.

In particular, some peaks are named "
-bong" [peak] on
some maps and "-
san" [mountain] on others; there is also
the suffix "-
dae" [platform, with a Buddhist meaning] used
for a few peaks.  There doesn't seem to be any consistent
rule for which of those suffixes gets used (neither altitude
nor distance from other peaks seems to have much to do
with it), and there seems to be no consistent system for
grouping peaks together as one overall "-san";  these
seems to be only matters of common usage.  When in
doubt, I have used "-san".

The mountains located in what is now North Korea pose
particular problems, as their names, precise locations and
altitudes differ on the various sources available -- we just
don't yet have very exact and reliable information.

The Republic of Korea's new Romanization system has
been used throughout, even for the North Korean
mountains, in order to match with contemporary South
Korean maps and websites, and in the interest of
consistent accuracy.  I would welcome any corrections or
suggestions for improvement for these listings.  
The 18 Currently-Most Sacred
Mountains on these 14 Branches:
(mostly in South Korea, due to our lack of info
about the North, especially modern conditions)
name
branch
#
location
highest
peak
Myohyang-san
3
Pyeongan-nam
do  Province
1909m
Songak-san
5
Gaeseong
488m
Surak-san
6
NE Seoul
638m
Dobong-san Seonin-bong
6
North Seoul
740m
Odae-san  Biro-bong
7
Gangwon-do
1563m
Chiak-san      Biro-bong
7
Gangwon-do
1288m
Ilwol-san
8
N Gyeongsang
1219m
Juwang-san
8
N Gyeongsang
721m
Danseok-san
8
N Gyeongsang
827m
Gaji-san
8
S Gyeongsang
1240m
Geumjeong-san
8
Busan City
802m
Mani-san
9b
Ganghwa
Island
469m
Gaya-san
11
S Gyeongsang
1430m
Ma-i-san
12a
North Jeolla
618m
Gyeryong-san
12b
W of Daejeon
878m
Mudeung-san
13
E of Gwangju
1187m
Baekun-san
13
S of Jiri-san
1218m
Jiri-san Samshin-bong
14
Hadong County
1284m
8.  Nakdong-jeongmaek Range, a.k.a. the Taebaek-
sanmaek Range's southern section,
begins at Gubong-san
(just west of Maebong-san 1303m, NE of Taebaek City)
, then
heads south through:

Baekbyeong-san                      1259m
Tosan-bong                                         1072m
Myeon-san                               1246m
(Sangbang-san 1175m is bypassed)
Myo-bong                                            1168m
Satgatje-bong                                     1119m
(Eungbong-san 999m is bypassed)
Baekbyeong-san                                1154m
(Omi-san 1071m is bypassed)
Jinjo-san                                               908m
Tonggo-san                                        1067m
Chilbo-san                                            974m
(
Ilwol-san 1218m is bypassed)
Geumjeong-san                                  849m
Baekam-san                     1004m
Dokgyeong-san                                  683m
Maengdong-san                                 796m
Myeongdong-san                               812m
Podo-san                                            747m
Juwang-san  Daedun-san                 900m
Juwang-san Beokgu-deung              846m
Juwang-san Wanggeo-am                907m
(
Juwang-san 721m is bypassed)
Juwang-san  Mupo-san                     717m
Jacho-san                                           763m
Baeteul-bong                                      862m
Myeonbong-san                               1113m
Bohyeon-san                   1124m
Giryong-san                                       961m
Chimgok-san                                     725m
Unju-san                                             806m
Cheonjang-san                                  695m
Samseong-san                                  589m
Eorim-san                                          510m
Innae-san                                           534m
Gwan-san                                          394m
Manbul-san                                       275m
Obong-san                                        634m
Saryong-san                                     683m
Danseok-san                   827m
Goheon-san                                    1033m
Gaji-san                         1240m
Neungdong-san                               982m
Ganwol-san                                    1083m
Yeongchuk-san                              1209m
Chuiseo-san                   1081m
Shisal-deung                                    981m
Yeomsu-bong                                   816m
Cheonseong-san              922m
Geumjeong Janggun-bong             747m
Geumjeong-san       810m
Geumjeong Sanghak-bong            638m
Baekyang-san                                 642m
Eumgwang-san                               504m
Gudeok-san                                     565m
Shiyak-san                                       523m
Seunghak-san                                 496m
(Cheonma-san 325m and Jinjeong-san 156m are bypassed)
Bonghwa-san                                 150m
Mulun-dae                                          ?


Alternate Eastern ending:
Gubong-san  (Jangsu-dae)         408m
Daecheong-gongwon Park         200m?
Minju-gongwon Park                    200m?
Yongdu-san  (downtown Busan)  150m?
Bongrae-san  (Yeongdo Island)   395m
Taejong-san  (Yeongdo Island)   250m
4a.  Haeseo-Yeseong-Imjin-jeongmaek Range
begins at Duryu-san, heading SW through:
Gasa-san 1361m   to  Hwagye-san 1041m a.k.a. Myeong-
jideok,  where it splits into two branches:


4b.  Haeseo-jeongmaek Range splits off
running west through:
Daejak-san              1277m
Eonjin-san               1120m
Cheonja-san              756m   (turns SW)
Myeolak-san              816m
Unbong-san               600m
Bulta-san                    608m
ending at Jang-san   200m  on the Yellow Sea coast



5.  Yeseongnam-Imjinbuk-jeongmaek Range
splits off from Hwagye-san, running SW through:
Hakbong-san                       664m
Sudong-san                         717m
Cheonma-san                     762m
Songak-san                      488m  (of Gaeseong City)
finishing at Jinbong-san     310m  (mouth of the Han River)



6. Hanbuk-jeongmaek Range begins at either
Baekam-san Nam-bong or Shikgae-san, heading
south then west through:
Jeokgeun-san                         1073m     (in DMZ)
Daeseong-san                        1175m     (near DMZ)
Bukkye--san                            1057m
Bukju-san                                 1152m
Gwangdeok-san                     1046m
Baekun-san                               904m
(Hwa-ak-san 1468m /1436m / 1153m are bypassed)
Gukmang-bong                       1168m
Gangssi-bong                           830m
(Myeongji-san 1267m is bypassed)
Cheonggye-san                        849m
Hyeondeung-san              936m   (a.k.a. Unak-san)
Guksa-bong                               547m
Jukyeom-san                             601m
Yongam-san                              477m
Gitdae-bong                              288m     
  (long ridge going SW)
Surak-san                         638m     (turns west)
(
Bulam-san 507m is bypassed)
Dobong-san Seonin-bong  740m   (part of Bukhan-san)
(Dobong's O-bong 660m & Sapae-san 552m are bypassed)
Dobong's Sangjang-bong   543m
(the Samgak-san 837m complex is bypassed)
Nogo-san                                     496m   (long ridge turns north)
Gyemyeong-san                          559m   (turns west)
Bakdal-san Dong-bong              350m
Bakdal-san Seo-bong                277m
Majang-san                                 100m?
Gigan-san                                    246m
ending at Jangmyeon-san / Bohyeon-san  168m
(where the Imjin River runs into the Han River)
(just below that is Tong-il-dongsan Park, with a 151m
peak and Odu-san 100m? right next to the confluence)
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